The National Zoo's newest additions are doing well, and it seems Mei Xiang is absolutely smitten.
Panda keepers have been swapping the twin cubs every few hours so that both get a chance to nurse and bond with its mother. But Sunday night, Mei Xiang wouldn't put the cub in her care down.
The swapping technique is meant to give each cub a chance to nurse and bond with its mother. Pandas won't usually nurse twins if left to their own devices -- they'll care for one and allow the other to die. The swapping technique has allowed several pairs of panda twins to survive in the past decade, including a set of twins at Zoo Atlanta.
Veterinarians at the National Zoo were not able to switch the cubs between 11 p.m. Sunday and 7 a.m. Monday. While Mei Xiang cared for one cub, the other was kept in a incubator and fed a prepared formula of baby formula, puppy formula and water.
Panda keepers at the Smithsonian's National Zoo will continue performing these delicate swaps as long as they're needed and as long as Mei Xiang lets them.
Mei Xiang gave birth to the cubs Saturday. She was seen picking up and licking her first cub at 5:35 p.m., live on the zoo's panda cams. The cub could be heard squealing just after the birth, which zoo officials called a good sign.
Around 6:30 a.m. veterinarians examined the cub Mei Xiang gave birth to at 5:35 p.m. on Aug. 22. Upon exam, this cub is vocalizing well and appears strong. They plan to swap the cubs every three hours if possible. Per the Zoo’s Giant Panda Twin Hand-Rearing protocol, the team has developed a few different strategies and will continue to try different methods of swapping and hand-rearing. Much of that will be dictated by Mei. The panda team will alternately swap the cubs, allowing one to nurse and spend time with Mei while the other is kept warm in an incubator and bottle-fed as necessary. The primary goal for the panda team is for both cubs to have the benefit of nursing and spending time with their mother. It's too early to guess about when the cubs will be placed together. #PandaStory #WeSaveSpecies #InstaScience @smithsonian
The second cub, which zoo keepers were able to retrieve first, was born just after 10 p.m. and weighed nearly five ounces.
Around 6:30 a.m. Sunday, vets were able to swap out the cubs. The first born cub weighed in at just over 86 grams, about three ounces.
Vets don't know yet who fathered the cubs. Mei Xiang was artificially inseminated in late April with semen from the zoo's male giant panda, Tian Tian, as well as from Hui Hui, a giant panda living in China.
The zoo has not yet taken samples from the cubs to determine paternity, a spokesperson said Monday. When they do perform DNA tests, they will also test to learn the sexes of the newborns.
The cubs will not receive their names until 100 days after their birth in a naming ceremony.
Mei Xiang has previously given birth to four cubs, two of whom survived: male Tai Shan, who was born at the zoo in 2005 and now lives in China, and female Bao Bao, who still lives at the National Zoo. A female cub died within days of her birth in 2012, and another female cub, Bao Bao's twin, was stillborn.