Carbon Offset Program Could Fuel Pollution

Climate-change bill could have green growers cashing in on polluters

By Jackson West
|  Monday, Jun 22, 2009  |  Updated 7:34 PM EDT
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Carbon Offset Program Could Fuel Pollution

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Moo poos are not renewable energy gold quite yet, but a meat eater can dream.

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Part of the climate change bill being debated in Congress could offer allowances to polluters in exchange for investment in carbon dioxide emission-reducing investments.

The plan is to allow for trading of carbon "offsets" on an open exchange. A company which purchased two billion tons in offsets could pump the same amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere without penalty. The offsets are generated by projects which save energy or reduce atmospheric CO2, such a reforestation.

It's good news for the likes of Joseph Farms in Merced County, which could potentially recoup costs from a system which turns methane from livestock waste into electricity.

But that cow-manure project represents only 25,000 metric tons of emissions spared. To offset the maximum allowed to polluters under the trading program, over 72,500 such facilities would need to be built.

At $3 million per installation, it would require offsets to cost nearly $109 a ton. The going rate at existing exchanges is a little over $3 a ton.

If the carbon offsets continue to be so inexpensive, the level of emissions could actually rise under the program, according to estimates by researchers from Oakland's Breakthrough Institute.

In the end, no alchemy of can-do entrepreneurial spirit or regulatory rule making will be turning cow pies into green gold anytime soon.

Jackson West will, however, keep working on his recipes for sausage.

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