Police reform

House Democrats Push Toward Policing Vote, Challenge Senate

The House is set to vote Thursday evening on the Justice in Policing Act, perhaps the most ambitious proposed changes to police procedures and accountability in decades

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After the collapse of a policing overhaul in the Senate, House Democrats returned to Washington on Thursday for a day heavy with emotion, symbolism and voting on their sweeping proposal to address the global outcryover the death of George Floydand other Black Americans.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi gathered with members of the Congressional Black Caucus on the Capitol steps challenging Congress not to allow the deaths and the outpouring of public supportfor law enforcement changes go in vain.

“Exactly one month ago, George Floyd spoke his final words — ‘I cant breathe’ — and changed the course of history,” Pelosi said.

She said the Senate faces a choice "to honor George Floyd's life or to do nothing."

The House vote is set for Thursday evening on the Justice in Policing Act, perhaps the most ambitious proposed changes to police procedures and accountability in decades. Backed by the nation's leading civil rights groups, it seeks to match the moment of massive street-filled demonstrations. It has almost zero chance of becoming law.

On the eve of the vote, President Donald Trump's administration signaled he would veto the bill. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has also said it will not pass the Republican-held chamber.

After the GOP policing billstalled Wednesday, blocked by Democrats, Trump shrugged.

“If nothing happens with it, it’s one of those things," Trump said. "We have different philosophies.”

Congress is now at a familiar impasse despite pollingthat shows Americans overwhelmingly want changes after the deaths of Floyd, Breonna Taylorand others in interactions with law enforcement.

Pelosi has summoned lawmakers who have been working from home during the COVID-19 crisis to the Capitol for a day that will almost certainly resonate with symbolism. It's one month after Floyd’s death and also the birthday of Tamir Rice, the Black 12-year-old killed in Ohio, who would have turned 18.

Rep. Karen Bass, D-Calif., the chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus, said hundreds of thousands of people “in every state in the union” are marching to make Floyd “will not be just another Black man dead at the hands of the police.”

But in the stalemate, Democrats and Republicans are blaming each other as a generational crisis over racial injustice and police tactics sweeps the country.

The parties are settled into their political zones. Republicans are lined up squarely behind their effort, led by Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina, the lone Black GOP senator, a uniquely credible voice with his personal experience of racism at the hands of police. Democrats, led by Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, are standing with progressive and civil rights activists rejecting the Republican bill as insufficient and pushing for more.

Now, Congress appears to be leaving it to voters to decide in the fall election that will determine control of the presidency, the House and the Senate.

“I'm frustrated,” said Scott after his bill was blocked by Democrats.

“The issue is, do we matter?” he asked, echoing the words of the Black Lives Matter movement, during an impassioned Senate speech that drew applause from his colleagues. “We said no today.”

But Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., a co-author of the Democrats' package, brushed aside his bill as inadequate “crumbs” that don’t respond to a movement that stretches through U.S. history from Emmett Till to Rodney King to today.

“We are part of a movement that started a long time ago and this movement will not be deterred,” Harris said.

She urged colleagues to “let the beginning be today” and start new talks toward a better bill.

Both bills share common elementsthat could be grounds for a compromise. They would create a national database of use of force incidents, restrict police chokeholds and set up new training procedures. The Democratic bill goes much further, mandating many of those changes, while also revising federal statute for police misconduct and holding officers personally liable to damages in lawsuits.

As talks potentially continue, Democrats are trying to force Republicans to the negotiating table. The two bills, the House and Senate versions, would ultimately need to be the same to become law.

Neither bill goes as far as some activists want with calls to defund the policeand shift resources to other community services.

Republicans and Democrats brought their bills forward as a starting point in the broader debate over how best to change policing practices. Scott insisted he was open to many of the broader changes proposed by Democrats.

But the depth of Democrats’ distrust of McConnell’s leadership in running the Senate is deep, and most Democratic senators were unwilling to take that chance. Instead, Senate Democrats are withholding their votes as leverage, believing once the House Democrats pass their bill, Senate Republicans facing the groundswell of public sentiment will have no choice but to negotiate.

With just a few months before the fall election, that seems increasingly unlikely.


Associated Press writers Laurie Kellman, Andrew Taylor and Jill Colvin contributed to this report.

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