What to Know
- The bill seeks to make the U.S. territory a state by 2021
- A bipartisan task force would submit a report to Congress and to the president identifying laws that would need to be amended or repealed
- It's not clear if the bill will pass
Puerto Rico's non-voting representative in Congress is introducing a bill that seeks to make the U.S. territory a state by 2021.
Resident Commissioner Jenniffer Gonzalez said Wednesday that 14 Democrats and 20 Republicans currently sponsor the bill among the 435 members in the House of Representatives.
"This is the first step to open a serious discussion regarding the ultimate status for the island," Gonzalez said.
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The Republican sponsors include the chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee, Rep. Rob Bishop of Utah, and the chairman of the Indian and insular affairs subcommittee, Rep. Doug Lamalfa of California.
However, the chances for the passage of the bill are not clear.
The bill calls for the creation of a bipartisan, nine-member task force that would submit a report to Congress and to the president identifying laws that would need to be amended or repealed so Puerto Rico could become a state. The panel would also be instructed to recommend temporary economic measures to help the island in the transition to statehood.
Such a process would make Puerto Rico an incorporated territory in the interim, where people on the island would have to start paying federal income taxes without having full statehood political rights, NBC News reported.
Hawaii spent over five decades as an incorporated territory while Alabama lasted two years, according to NBC News.
Puerto Rico has been a U.S. territory since 1898. Its inhabitants are U.S. citizens, though they are barred from voting in presidential elections and have only one congressional representative with limited voting powers.
Gov. Ricardo Rossello said the island's unequal status is the cause for 5.4 million Puerto Ricans to currently reside in the continental U.S., a trend exacerbated by the damage inflicted in September by Hurricane Maria.
"In the past this issue has been very hard to move forward," Rossello said. "No longer do we want ambiguity. We want clarity. Either here in Congress you are with us or you are against the people of Puerto Rico."
NBC News reported that, during a meeting last week, Trump replied to Rossello's appeal for statehood by saying, “If Ricardo can guarantee us two Republican senators it can be a very quick process.” Others in the room laughed at the remark.