A History of the Presidential Inaugural Procession

From the horse and buggy to reinforced limousines, see the century-long history of Secret Service agents - and their rides - at the side of newly elected presidents from Theodore Roosevelt to Barack Obama.

16 photos
The Library of Congress
Theodore Roosevelt's 1905 inauguration marks the first time the Secret Service was used primarily for presidential protection instead of general security following the assassination of William McKinley in September of 1901.
The Library of Congress
William Taft is taken from the U.S. Capitol to the White House in his 1909 inauguration next to his wife, Helen "Nellie" Taft.
The Library of Congress
Warren Harding is seen in his presidential inaugural motorcade in 1921. Harding was the first president to ride a car instead of a horse-drawn carriage for his inauguration, riding in a 1921 Packard Twin Six provided by the Republican National Committee.
U.S. Secret Service
Dwight D. Eisenhower is seen in a 1953 Cadillac Eldorado at his 1953 inauguration procession.
The National Archives
John F. Kennedy rode a 1950 Lincoln Cosmopolitan for his 1961 presidential inauguration.
U.S. Army
The 1961 Lincoln Parade limousine that Lyndon B. Johnson used for his 1965 inaugural procession originally debuted with President John F. Kennedy within the first year of his presidency. The limo contained seats that could be raised to give crowds a better look at its occupants.
U.S. Secret Service
Secret Service agents guard the 1968 Lincoln Continental Executive limousine used by Richard Nixon on his first presidential inauguration in 1969.
U.S. Secret Service
Ronald Reagan, along with his wife Nancy Reagan, waves to the crowd from the Lincoln Parade limousine during his 1981 presidential inauguration. The Lincoln, first used by President Richard Nixon during his 1973 inauguration, was sent back to the Ford Motor company for refurbishing after a failed assassination attempt on Reagan on March 30, 1981.
U.S. Secret Service
The 1989 Lincoln Town Car Limousine, built by the Ford Motor Company, debuted during George H.W. Bush's first presidential inauguration in 1989.
The Secret Service watches over Bill Clinton's 1993 inaugural procession.
U.S. Secret Service
President Bill Clinton and first lady Hillary Clinton is seen at Clinton's second presidential inauguration on 1997 in Washington, D.C.
U.S. Secret Service
The 2001 Cadillac DeVille Limousine used for George W. Bush's 2001 presidential inauguration was the first limousine to be custom built for the U.S. Secret Service.
George W. Bush Presidential Library
Secret Service agents follow the 2006 Cadillac DeVille Touring Sedan carrying President George W. Bush for his second presidential inauguration on Jan. 20, 2005.
U.S. Secret Service
President Barack Obama's first presidential inauguration was marked by the 2009 Cadillac DeVille Touring Sedan presidential limousine, designed to Secret Service specifications over a five-year period.
U.S. Secret Service
President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama attend the Obamas' second inaugural procession on Jan. 20, 2013.
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