A days-long sit-in at Howard University has ended as protesting students and the university's Board of Trustees came to an agreement over concerns raised about multiple aspects of student life.
The sit-in began after a financial aid scandal at the school came to light in late March, although a student organizer said that protest efforts had been underway long before that.
"This is a long time coming," HU Resist student organizer Alexis McKenney said.
"It's important for us to acknowledge that no significant change that has ever happened within the black community has happened without struggle," she said.
In response to the students' nine demands, which included adequate housing, disarming campus police, a tuition freeze and sexual assault reforms, the board said Friday it has made multiple commitments to students.
"Today marks the next chapter of progress at Howard University," Board member Marie Johns said.
Among the promises made to students, Howard will engage students in examining the adequacy of housing, and will recommend the board consider freezing undergraduate tuition at current rates for the 2019-2020 school year.
The university will create a task force to examine the Howard Department of Public Safety, looking into engagement with students, use of force, training and the need for armed guards.
Johns said students will get input in selecting a student ombudsperson, who will be a graduate student and will report to the vice president of student affairs.
Johns also said the board is committed to a campus free of sexual assault, harassment and other forms of interpersonal violence. The school will form a task force to examine the current climate on campus and to provide feedback on changes needed.
Howard will also support student efforts and allocate funds to establish a food bank in the LeDroit/Shaw neighborhood.
Although students had wanted Howard University President Wayne Frederick to resign, Johns said Friday that Frederick has the board's unwavering support.
"While [Frederick] has made significant advancements, we all acknowledge there is much more work to be done," Johns said.
Frederick congratulated students Friday for making sure their demands were heard.
"One of the things that I think from this process that I hope we as a community will continue to get is that the one thing that we are fighting for is a better Howard," he said.
'This Isn't a Spur-of-the-Moment Thing': Sit-In Lasted More Than a Week
The student-led protest began March 29 after Frederick's announcement that six employees were fired last year after an internal investigation found the financial aid office had misappropriated university-based grants to some university employees.
"We are here because we love Howard University. We're here because we want to improve the conditions of everybody that goes to this school," student organizer Juan Demetrixx said last Saturday.
The organizers of the sit-in at the building housing the president's office and the financial aid office put up signs over the building's doors detailing their demands. Those demands were also posted to social media.
On the fourth day of protests on Sunday, trustees agreed to meet one demand by extending a housing deadline.
Howard junior Viennetta Davis said a survey showed the overwhelming majority of students don't think the administration cares about them and that Frederick's leadership was lacking.
"This is a feeling that's been brewing for awhile," Davis said. "This isn't a spur of the moment thing."
Students had already publicly listed their demands after a string of other issues on campus. In March, Frederick drew criticism for his response to a student who begged him for help securing housing. He told her the "tone and tenor" of her email were inappropriate. In January, spring semester classes were delayed by more than a week because of campus-wide problems with the heating system. And last May, students filed a lawsuit saying the university failed to help students who were raped by fellow students and employees.
Howard Employees Accused of Pocketing Financial Aid Dollars
According to a statement from Frederick, an outside auditor found several university employees received grants in addition to discounts on tuition that exceeded the total cost of tuition and kept the difference.
Some students said they felt betrayed. Employees took financial aid funds as students prepare to spend years paying off their loans.
Frederick said he was told in December 2016 that there may have been "some misappropriation of university-provided financial aid funds," and launched an internal investigation.
The auditor found that between 2007 and 2016, university grants were awarded to some university employees who also were receiving tuition remission. The grants and tuition remission equaled more than the total cost of attendance, which allowed the employees to receive "inappropriate refunds."
The grants came from institutional funds that help low-income students pay tuition. Frederick said the grants came from the university and were not federal or donor funds.
Tuition remission allows eligible employees or their dependents to receive discounted tuition at the university. Full-time employees eligible to receive tuition remission can take two classes per semester for free, according to the university's website. Tuition at Howard for the 2017-2018 school year was $12,061 per semester, not including room and board.
Frederick's statement came after an anonymous post on Medium.com claimed financial aid employees at the university stole nearly $1 million in funds. The post has since been removed.
Frederick did not comment on how much had been received by those individuals.
Frederick said the issue was reported to the Department of Education in July 2017, and six employees were fired two months later for "gross misconduct and neglect of duties."
Student protests stepped up after the revelations, but Chairman Stacey Mobley wrote on behalf of the university's Board of Trustees that they stand by Frederick's leadership.
"All of us recognize the critical role financial aid plays in the lives of our students and it was important to us to ensure the office was operating appropriately," the letter read. "While the review unfortunately uncovered alarming behavior, [Frederick] immediately took appropriate action and launched an internal investigation to get to the bottom of this."
Fifty years ago this month, another Howard class made history by taking over the administration building to protest a curriculum that lacked courses on African-American history, culture and pride.
Read Frederick's full statement below:
Statement from Wayne A. I. Frederick, President of Howard University
In accordance with my commitment to continuous progress, in February 2015, I initiated a proactive review of the Howard University Office of Financial Aid to ensure the office was providing the best support to our campus community.
As part of this process, I was alerted in December 2016 that there may have been some misappropriation of University-provided financial aid funds. From the moment I was alerted that there may have been a misappropriation of funds, I have taken this situation extremely seriously. I immediately informed the Board of Trustees, and together we moved swiftly to begin an internal investigation. The University immediately engaged an outside auditor (RSM) to determine whether there had been any misappropriation of Howard University funds by staff in the Office of Financial Aid or elsewhere, and if so, the magnitude of that misappropriation. The auditors completed their investigation and reported the results to me in May 2017.
The investigation found that from 2007 to 2016, University grants were given to some University employees who also received tuition remission. The audit revealed that the combination of University grants and tuition remission exceeded the total cost of attendance. As a result, some individuals received inappropriate refunds. Note that University grants are institutional funds used to help support students with student charges. They are not federal funds or donor directed funds.
In July 2017, I self-reported this issue to the Department of Education and assured them we would provide regular updates on the investigation.
An investigation of individual employee actions was completed in September 2017 and as a result, six employees have been fired for gross misconduct and neglect of duties. We will refer this matter for criminal prosecution, as appropriate.
Third Coast Higher Education, another outside expert, was also brought in specifically to determine if any misappropriation of federal funds occurred. At this point, Third Coast found no misappropriation of federal funds related to this issue.
The financial integrity of Howard University’s operations is paramount and strong measures have been taken following the RSM investigation to ensure this never happens again. As part of these reform efforts, significant new policies and procedures have been implemented to strengthen Howard’s internal controls with respect to the awarding of financial aid, including:
• Annual budgets for each category of financial aid are now loaded into the University’s Banner student information system by the University Budget Office consistent with the University’s overall Financial Aid Budget.
• Approval for all awards of University Grants are now reviewed and approved by the Budget Office prior to being awarded by the Financial Aid Office
• Approval for all donor-designated scholarship awards are now reviewed and approved by the Controller’s Office prior to being awarded by the Financial Aid Office.
• Approval for all grant-funded financial aid are now reviewed and approved by the University’s Grant Accounting Unit prior to being awarded by the Financial Aid Office.
• Access to the Banner financial aid module has now been limited to a small number of appropriate senior University individuals, with adequate third-party review and appropriate segregation of duties.
• An annual reconciliation of awarded financial aid to approved financial aid is now being conducted.
• Management has established proper reporting relationships and segregation of duties within the Financial Aid Office.
• Management is in the process of hiring for all remaining open positions in the Financial Aid Office and enhanced training on policies and procedures will be provided both to new hires and continuing employees.
• A new Associate Provost for Enrollment Management and a new Chief Compliance Officer have been hired by the University.
While this has been a very difficult and disappointing situation, I know our campus community deserves better and I am committed to ensuring that each of our campus offices operate with integrity and are the best that higher education has to offer.