Consumer Watchdog Group Issues Policy to Strengthen National Eviction Moratorium

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  • The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau said on Monday that lawyers for property owners who violate the national ban on evictions could face federal prosecution and other consequences.
  • Since the eviction moratorium has been in effect, housing advocates and renters have said a lack of enforcement has led to landlords ignoring the law and pushing out tenants anyway.
  • They hope the new rule puts an end to that.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced an interim rule on Monday that will allow tenants to sue debt collectors who violate the national ban on evictions.

Attorneys for landlords and other debt collectors who wrongly evict tenants could also face federal and state prosecution, the bureau said. In addition, these debt collectors must now provide tenants notice of their rights under the eviction ban in writing and on the same date an eviction notice is served.

"No one should be evicted from their home without understanding their rights, and we will hold accountable those debt collectors who move forward with illegal evictions," said Dave Uejio, the CFPB's acting director, in a statement.

The announcement is a sign that the Biden administration plans to more aggressively enforce the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's national ban on evictions first issued by the Trump administration in September.

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With coronavirus cases and unemployment rates still high, President Joe Biden has since extended the moratorium through the end of June.

Research has shown that evictions lead to significantly more coronavirus cases and deaths in an area.

Housing advocates point out that the law has failed to protect many tenants because there haven't been enough consequences for violating it.

There's no national database of evictions. But since the CDC ban went into effect, Jim Baker, executive director of the Private Equity Stakeholder Project, has counted more than 57,000 new eviction cases filed by corporate landlords in Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Nevada, Tennessee and Texas alone. During the same period, The Eviction Lab at Princeton University has identified more than 218,000 evictions in the five states and 19 cities that it tracks.

"We're still seeing mass evictions, even with the CDC order," Daniel Rose, an organizer with Housing Justice Now in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, told CNBC in December.

Evicting tenants is a last resort, Bob Pinnegar, president of the National Apartment Association, told CNBC earlier this year. However, the last year has driven landlords to the brink, he said.

"Over 50% of the nation's rental housing providers are mom-and-pop owners, who rely on their few units as their only source of income," he said. "Reserves are running out, and in many cases are exhausted."

Still, the consumer bureau made clear on Monday that any property owners' lawyers or other debt collectors who evict tenants illegally or without informing them of the CDC ban could face prosecution by federal agencies and state attorneys general, as well as private lawsuits by individuals negatively impacted.

"The rule directly addresses many of the problems that undermined the moratorium, including lack of tenant knowledge about rights, abusive practices and minimal to no enforcement," said Emily Benfer, an eviction expert and a visiting professor of law at Wake Forest University.

The bureau also shared information on where renters and landlords can find organizations to apply for the billions of dollars in rental aid passed in the latest stimulus packages.

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