Since its publication, "The Catcher in The Rye" has been a favorite target of censors, with a South Carolina school board challenging the teaching of the book as recently as 2001.
The portrait, by Robert Vickery, can be viewed by the public starting at 11:30 a.m.
In this portrait, the author is painted against a metaphorical amber wave of grain, according to a press release from the Smithsonian Institute. The image appeared on the cover of Time magazine in 1961.
Salinger, an American novelist and short story writer, died Jan. 27, 2010 at age 91.
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